Touchstone Garden Centre
Hours of Trade
Monday to Saturday
9am to 5pm
Sunday 9am to 4pm
Closed Xmas Day, Boxing Day, New Year Day, Easter Friday, Anzac morning
129A Ormond Road, Gisborne

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In the Garden

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Cultural Requirements:


  • Well dug, free draining soil essential
  • Will not tolerate wet feet or heavy clay soils – in this situation, raised planting is recommended
  • Dig in Organic Compost or peat to help break up clay soils and improve water-holding capacity of light sandy soils


  • Warm sunny position with some protection from strong winds


  • Summer moisture is essential, especially in hot dry weather
  • Citrus have fibrous surface rooting system – essential this does not dry out – mulch in summer with peat, compost – do not put mulch too close to trunk


  • Fruit Tree and Citrus Food – Sept, Dec, Feb (see packet for details)


  • Citrus require minimal pruning
  • Dense growing varieties, e.g. Mandarin, may need some thinning otherwise to keep in shape – usually when fruit is picked
  •  Advisable to remove any fruit in first year to encourage growth of tree and establish good strong plant


  • Citrus make ideal container plants, especially Mandarins and Limes.
  • Use a quality container mix and Yates Waterwise Water Storage Crystals to avoid drying out in summer

Pests & Diseases


  • Small, black/green insects clustering on new growth
  • Spray with Confidor

Mealy Bug

  • White, cotton wool –like insects cluster together on leaf axils and stems
  • Spray with Confidor


  • Brown scale insects which cling to stems and suck at sap, weakening growth
  • Spray with Conqueror Oil

Lemon Tree Borer

  • Black grub which bores its way through trunk and woody branches cutting off sap flow
  • Borer ‘dust’ visible on ground under tree in bad cases
  • Cut out affected branches


  • Fungus disease causing curly brown scabs or blisters on fruit 
  • Spray with Copper spray



  • Golden Special - Large pale yellow fruit. Sharp flavor. Heavy cropper
  • Jamaican Wheeny - Large, golden yellow fruit. Juicy. Bears mid-winter


  • Washington Navel - Rich flavor. Fairly seedless. Ripens mid to late winter
  • Harwood Late - Excellent for juicing. Thick skinned fruit late winter
  • Carters Navel - Excellent for juicing. Thick skinned fruit late winter


  • Ugli - Unusually large fruit. Tender and juicy. Late winter
  • Seminole - Extremely sweet and juicy. Thin skinned tender fleshed fruit.


  • Tahitian - Hardy. Heavy cropper. Excellent container feature
  • Mexican - ‘The Bartenders Lime’. Small green fruit.


  • Clementine - Delicious sweet fruit. Heavy bearing. Late winter
  • Encore - Usually rich flavoured. Excellent for tub growing
  • Silverhill - Very cold resistant. Heavy bearing. Mid winter
  • Satsuma - Popular easy peel mandarin. Medium sized sweet flat fruit. Ripens mid winter
  • Miagawa - New Japanese variety. Very productive, earliest strain of easy peel Satsuma. Sweet. Ripens May – June. Excellent quality, good keeping fruit. Needs thinning to attain good size.


  • Genoa - Quick to bear small to medium sized fruit in winter
  • Yen Ben - Medium sized seedless fruit. Excellent sharp flavor
  • Villa Franca - Thick skinned fruit with sharp flavor. Winter and summer
  • Meyer - The common sweet lemon. Excellent for drinks
  • Lemonade -  Light flavoured and refreshing

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